The State Agora
The State Agora was a central gathering place in the ancient city of Ephesus. It served as a hub of commercial, political, and cultural activity. They created the marketplace during the reign of Augustus, the first Roman emperor. It played an important role in the city’s history and development.
The Agora was in the heart of Ephesus. You will find it near the intersection of two important streets: the Marble Road and the Curetes Street. It covered an area of over 12,000 square meters and was among a colonnade of over 60 columns. The marketplace’s aim was to accommodate a variety of commercial activities, including the sale of food, clothing, and other goods.
In addition to its commercial functions, the State Agora was also an important political and cultural center in the city. It was for public meetings, political gatherings, and other civic events. The library was the site of important religious festivals and ceremonies.
One of the most notable features of the State Agora was the Temple of Isis, which was located on the eastern side of the marketplace. The temple was dedicated to the goddess Isis, who was worshipped as a protector of women, children, and the dead. The temple was built in the 2nd century AD and was adorned with elaborate sculptures and decorations.
The State Agora Today
Over the centuries, the State Agora underwent several renovations and restorations, as the city of Ephesus changed hands and new rulers took power. The marketplace continued to be an important center of activity throughout the Byzantine and Ottoman periods. It remains a popular destination for tourists and history enthusiasts today.
Visitors to the State Agora can still see the ruins of the marketplace, which include the colonnaded porticos, the Temple of Isis, and the remains of various commercial structures. The site offers a unique glimpse into the vibrant and cosmopolitan world of ancient Ephesus, and it serves as a testament to the enduring legacy of this remarkable city.