Derinkuyu Underground City in Cappadocia

derinkuyu Underground City map

Welcome you all to another exciting destination in the heart of Cappadocia, Turkey! As a travel blogger, I’m thrilled to share with you the secrets and wonders of the Derinkuyu Underground City. We will introduce Derinkuyu to you in detail and answer all the questions whether Derinkuyu is claustrophobic or not, whether you can visit Derinkuyu or not etc. Let’s dive into the one of the most known underground city in the world!

Unveiling the Mysteries of Derinkuyu

A Journey Back in Time

derinkuyu underground city inside

Cappadocia, known for its unique landscapes and captivating history, offers something truly extraordinary beneath its surface – the Derinkuyu Underground City. This fascinating subterranean marvel takes you on a journey back in time, revealing the ingenuity and resourcefulness of ancient civilizations.



Derinkuyu was originally built during the Byzantine period and served as a refuge during times of war and persecution. This underground city, located in the Nevşehir Province of Cappadocia, is a testament to human adaptability and resilience. It’s a place that will not only pique your curiosity but also leave you in awe.

A Complex Labyrinth

As you explore Derinkuyu, you’ll realize the sheer scale of this underground city. It is estimated to have reached a depth of over 200 feet and could accommodate up to 20,000 people. It’s an intricate labyrinth with multiple levels, each serving a specific purpose. The city contains everything necessary for survival, including living quarters, places of worship, and even stables for livestock.

One of the most remarkable features is the ventilation system, which ensured a constant supply of fresh air to the depths of the city. It’s incredible how ancient engineers managed to create such an efficient and sophisticated network of tunnels and airshafts.

A Journey Within Derinkuyu

Underground Architecture of Derinkuyu Underground City

derinkuyu underground city

Exploring the depths of Derinkuyu is like stepping into a hidden world. The architecture of the city is awe-inspiring. You’ll marvel at the well-preserved stone-carved rooms, churches with intricately decorated frescoes, and the massive round millstone doors designed to seal off different sections of the city.



One of the most impressive chambers is the Missionary Church, adorned with vibrant frescoes depicting biblical scenes. These artworks are a testament to the enduring faith and artistic prowess of the people who once lived here.

A Testament to Human Ingenuity

Derinkuyu stands as a testament to human ingenuity. The underground city was carved from the soft volcanic rock of the region. This not only provided a readily available building material but also allowed for easy excavation. The use of rolling stone doors and boulder blocking systems for defense demonstrates the strategic thinking of its inhabitants.

Modern-Day Exploration of Derinkuyu

derinkuyu underground city  dark rooms

Today, Derinkuyu is open to visitors, and exploring its depths is a fascinating experience. You can descend into the tunnels and chambers, guided by informative displays and well-marked paths. It’s a surreal experience, and as you delve deeper, you’ll gain a profound appreciation for the challenges and triumphs of those who sought refuge here centuries ago.



In conclusion, Derinkuyu Underground City is a hidden gem in Cappadocia that should be on every traveler’s itinerary. It offers a unique glimpse into the past and a chance to appreciate the incredible architecture and engineering of its time. As a travel blogger, I can attest to the allure of sharing this remarkable destination with your readers. It’s not just a historical site; it’s an adventure that takes you on a journey through time and beneath the Earth’s surface. Don’t miss the opportunity to explore this marvel during your Cappadocian adventure!

Why was Derinkuyu abandoned?

Derinkuyu Underground City in Cappadocia, Turkey, was not permanently abandoned but had phases of use and disuse throughout its history. Its primary purpose was to provide shelter and protection during times of external threats and invasions. Here are some key reasons for its periods of abandonment and reoccupation:

underground caves in cappadocia
  • Changing Threats: Derinkuyu was initially built during the Byzantine period, and it served as a refuge for the local population during times of danger. As the political and military landscape of the region evolved over the centuries, its use as a safe haven would also change. It was used during periods of conflict and abandoned during more stable times.
  • Economic and Social Factors: The inhabitants of Derinkuyu relied heavily on agriculture and farming above ground. In times of peace, they would return to their surface dwellings to tend to their crops and livestock. Economic and social factors would determine when it was practical for them to return underground or remain on the surface.
  • Technological Advancements: With advancements in fortification techniques and weaponry, the need for underground refuges decreased over time. As society became better equipped to defend itself on the surface, the city may have been used less frequently.
  • Decline in Population: As the region’s population changed, the need for such a massive underground city diminished. Smaller, more easily defensible surface dwellings became the norm, and Derinkuyu saw periods of abandonment as the population shifted.
  • Natural Disasters: In some cases, natural disasters or geological events may have made the underground city temporarily uninhabitable. However, these instances would have been relatively rare.

It’s important to note that Derinkuyu was never permanently abandoned but saw intermittent use throughout its history. As the region’s geopolitical and social circumstances shifted, so did the role and occupation of this incredible underground complex.

Can you visit the lost city of Derinkuyu Underground City?



underground caves in cappadocia

Yes, you can indeed visit the underground city of Derinkuyu in Cappadocia, Turkey. Derinkuyu is a remarkable historical site that is open to tourists and offers a unique and fascinating experience. Here’s what you need to know if you plan to visit:

  • Location: Derinkuyu Underground City is located in the Nevşehir Province of Cappadocia, in central Turkey.
  • Accessibility: It’s easily accessible by car or tour bus from major cities in Cappadocia, such as Nevşehir and Göreme. There are signs leading to the site, making it relatively easy to find.
  • Visiting Hours: Be sure to check the official visiting hours, as they may vary depending on the time of year. Generally, Derinkuyu is open to visitors during the daytime, and it’s a good idea to arrive early to avoid crowds.
  • Admission Fees: There may be an admission fee to enter the underground city. These fees can vary, so it’s a good idea to check the current rates before your visit.
  • Guided Tours: Guided tours are often available, and it’s highly recommended to take one. Knowledgeable guides can provide historical context and insights into the features of the underground city.
  • Exploration: When visiting Derinkuyu, you’ll have the opportunity to explore the underground chambers, tunnels, and rooms. There are informative displays and well-marked paths to help you navigate this intricate labyrinth.
  • Safety: While the underground city is well-maintained for visitors, it’s essential to wear appropriate clothing and comfortable shoes as you’ll be walking through narrow passageways and uneven terrain.
  • Photography: Most areas of Derinkuyu allow photography, but there may be restrictions in certain sections or around sensitive artifacts, so be sure to respect any guidelines provided.

Is Derinkuyu claustrophobic?

Is Derinkuyu underground city claustrophobic?

The feeling of claustrophobia can be subjective and vary from person to person. Derinkuyu Underground City is an expansive subterranean complex, but some areas may feel confined or narrow, which could potentially trigger claustrophobic feelings for some individuals. Here are some factors to consider regarding the sense of claustrophobia in Derinkuyu:

  • Tunnels and Passageways: The underground city is known for its labyrinthine tunnels and passageways. While some of these are quite spacious and comfortable to navigate, others can be narrower and may make some people feel confined.
  • Lighting: The lighting in the underground city can vary. In some areas, it can be dim, which might contribute to a sense of confinement for those sensitive to low light conditions.
  • Crowds: The presence of other tourists can also influence the perception of claustrophobia. If the site is crowded, you might feel more confined due to the proximity of other visitors in narrow passageways.
  • Guided Tours: Taking a guided tour can be reassuring for individuals who may be concerned about claustrophobia. Guides can provide information and lead visitors through the site, which can offer a sense of security and orientation.
  • Time of Visit: Consider visiting during less crowded times to minimize the presence of other tourists, which can alleviate the feeling of confinement.

If you have a tendency to experience claustrophobia, it’s essential to be prepared and consider your comfort levels. You can always explore the more spacious areas of Derinkuyu while avoiding the narrower passages if you are concerned about feeling claustrophobic. Additionally, if you have a specific history of claustrophobia, it may be helpful to consult with a medical professional or therapist before visiting such underground sites.

If you are interested in Must see underground cities in Cappadocia, click on the link.

If you are into history, You should read our blogs about Gobekli Tepe, Karahan Tepe and Boncuklu Tarla!

How to Get to Derinkuyu Underground City from Nevsehir Airport?

To get to Derinkuyu Underground City from Nevşehir Airport, you can follow these steps:



  • Arrival at Nevşehir Airport: Upon arriving at Nevşehir Airport, you will clear any necessary immigration and customs procedures if you’re arriving from an international destination.
  • Transportation Options:
    • Taxi: The most convenient option is to take a taxi from the airport to Derinkuyu. You can find taxi services waiting outside the airport terminal. Make sure to agree on the fare with the driver before starting the journey.
    • Private Transfer: Many travel agencies in Cappadocia offer private airport transfer services. You can book a transfer in advance, and a driver will meet you at the airport and take you to Derinkuyu.
    • Rental Car: If you prefer more flexibility and independence, you can rent a car from the airport. There are several car rental agencies at Nevşehir Airport. Here is the google maps link of the route from Nevsehir Airport to Derinkuyu Underground City.
  • Route to Derinkuyu:
    • The distance from Nevşehir Airport to Derinkuyu Underground City is approximately 50 kilometers, and the journey should take around 1 hour by car.
    • You can use GPS or follow road signs to navigate. The journey will take you through the beautiful Cappadocian landscape.
  • Parking: When you arrive at Derinkuyu, there is usually parking available for visitors near the entrance to the underground city. You can leave your car there while you explore.
  • Visiting Derinkuyu: Once you’ve parked and made your way to the entrance, you can purchase your tickets and start your exploration of Derinkuyu Underground City. Guided tours are available and highly recommended to get the most out of your visit.
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